The present document covers the assessment of Short Range Devices (SRD) operating in the frequency range 9 kHz to 246 GHz in respect of ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC).
The present document specifies the applicable test conditions, performance assessment, and performance criteria for Short Range Devices (SRD) and the associated ancillary equipment.
The present document applies to the categories of SRD listed in Table 1 with the exception that the present document does not apply to devices for which a product specific harmonised EMC standard is available.
NOTE 1: The entries in Table 1 of the present document are based on the Decision (EU) 2019/1345, Table 1.
Table 1: Categories of short range device
Category of Short Range Devices; Scope of the category
Non-specific SRD.; Covers all kinds of radio devices, regardless of the application or their purpose, which fulfil the technical conditions as specified for a given frequency band. Typical uses include telemetry, telecommand, alarms, data transmissions in general and other applications. (See note 1).
Active medical implant devices. (See note 2).; Covers the radio part of active implantable medical devices that are intended to be fully or partially introduced, surgically or medically, into the human body or that of an animal, and where applicable their peripherals. Active implantable medical devices are defined in Council Directive 90/385/EEC.
Assistive listening devices (ALDs). (See note 2).; Covers radio communications systems that allow persons with hearing impairment to increase their listening capability. Typical system installations include one or more radio transmitters and one or more radio receivers.
High duty cycle/continuous transmission devices.; Covers radio devices that rely on low latency and high duty cycle transmissions. These devices are typically used for personal wireless audio and multimedia streaming systems used for combined audio/video transmissions and audio/video sync signals, mobile phones, automotive or home entertainment system, wireless microphones, cordless loudspeakers, cordless headphones, radio devices carried on a person, assistive listening devices, in-ear monitoring, wireless microphones for use at concerts or other stage productions, and low power analogue FM transmitters.
Inductive devices.; Covers radio devices that use magnetic fields with inductive loop systems for near field communications. This typically includes devices for car immobilisation, animal identification, alarm systems, cable detection, waste management, personal identification, wireless voice links, access control, proximity sensors, anti-theft systems as well as RF anti-theft induction systems, data transfer to hand-held devices, automatic article identification, wireless control systems and automatic road tolling.
Low duty cycle/high reliability devices; Covers radio devices that rely on low overall spectrum utilisation and low duty cycle spectrum access rules to ensure highly reliable spectrum access and transmissions in shared bands. Typical applications include alarm systems that use radio communication for indicating an alert condition at a distant location and social alarm systems that allow reliable communication for a person in distress.
Medical data acquisition devices. (See note 2); Covers the transmission of non-voice data to and from non-implantable medical devices in order to monitor, diagnose and treat patients in healthcare facilities or in their homes as prescribed by duly authorised healthcare professionals.
PMR446 devices.; Covers hand portable equipment (without base station or repeater use) carried on a person or manually operated, which uses integral antennas only in order to maximise sharing and minimise interference. PMR 446 equipment operates in short-range peer-to-peer mode and excludes use either as a part of infrastructure network or as a repeater.
Radio determination devices. (See note 2).; Covers radio devices used for determining the position, velocity and/or other characteristics of an object, or for obtaining information relating to these parameters. Radio determination equipment typically conducts measurements to obtain such characteristics. Radio determination devices exclude any kind of point-to-point or point-to-multipoint radio communications.
Radio frequency identification (RFID) devices.; Covers tag/interrogator based radio communications systems, consisting of (i) radio devices (tags) attached to animate or inanimate items and (ii) transmitter/receiver units (interrogators) which activate the tags and receive data back. Typical applications include the tracking and identification of items, for instance for the purpose of electronic article surveillance (EAS), and collecting and transmitting data relating to the items to which tags are attached, which may be either battery-less, battery assisted or battery powered. The responses from a tag are validated by its interrogator and passed to its host system.
Transport and traffic telematics devices.; Covers radio devices that are used in the fields of transport (road, rail, water or air, depending on the relevant technical restrictions), traffic management, navigation, mobility management and in intelligent transport systems (ITS). Typical applications include interfaces between different modes of transport, communication between vehicles (e.g. car to car), between vehicles and fixed locations (e.g. car to infrastructure) as well as communication from and to users.
Wideband data transmission devices. (See note 2).; Covers radio devices that use wideband modulation techniques to access the spectrum. Typical uses include wireless access systems such as radio local area networks (WAS/RLANs) or wideband SRDs in data networks.
NOTE 1: The Annex of the Decision (EU) 2019/1345 lists the frequency bands and associated conditions harmonised in the EU. There may be variations in individual countries.
NOTE 2: A product specific harmonised EMC standard may be applicable for some devices and should be used in preference to the present document.
Technical specifications related to the antenna port of radio equipment and radiated emissions from the enclosure port of the radio equipment are not included in the present document. Such technical specifications are normally found in the relevant product standards for the effective use of the radio spectrum.
The environmental classification and the emission and immunity requirements used in the present document are as stated in ETSI EN 301 489-1, except for any special conditions included in the present document.
NOTE 2: The relationship between the present document and essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of Directive 2014/53/EU is given in Annex A.