This part of IEC 62127 specifies:
• absolute hydrophone calibration methods;
• relative (comparative) hydrophone calibration methods.
Recommendations and references to accepted literature are made for the various relative and absolute calibration methods in the frequency range covered by this standard.
This standard is applicable to
• hydrophones used for measurements made in water and in the ultrasonic frequency range 50 kHz to 100 MHz;
NOTE 1 Although some physiotherapy medical applications of medical ultrasound are developing which operate in the frequency range 40 kHz to 100 kHz, the primary frequency range of diagnostic imaging remains above 2 MHz. It has recently been established that, even in the latter case, the hydrophone response at substantially lower frequencies can influence measurements made of key acoustic parameters .
NOTE 2 Calibration methods for underwater acoustics hydrophones applicable in the frequency range from 200 Hz to 1 MHz are available in IEC 60565-1, and for frequencies from 0,01 Hz to several kHz in IEC 60565-2.
• hydrophones employing piezoelectric sensor elements, designed to measure the pulsed wave and continuous wave ultrasonic fields generated by ultrasonic equipment;
NOTE 3 Some hydrophones can have non-circular active elements, arising from slight deviations from a circular structure caused, for example by electrode structure, or conversely, the active elements can actually be squares. The clauses within this standard remain valid, although, in these cases, special attention should be paid to the directional response and to the effective radii of the active element through various axes of rotation.
• hydrophones with or without a hydrophone pre-amplifier.