Directive 2014/53/EU Notice: As regards clause 18.104.22.168 of this harmonised standard, compliance of this harmonised standard does not confer a presumption of conformity with the essential requirement set out in Article 3(2) of Directive 2014/53/EU to equipment not combining a “WR112/R84 taper section and a WR90/R100 Waveguide” as in note 1 of Section 1 of this harmonised standard. The waveguide is requested to have a continuously unobstructed transmission path (unperturbed/pure) and a minimum length of 20 times the waveguide cut-off wavelength in that operational mode.
The present document specifies technical characteristics and methods of measurements for monostatic X-band radar sensors intended for the surveillance of airport surface movement traffic with the following characteristics:
• Operating in one or both of the following frequency ranges:
- 9 000 MHz to 9 200 MHz and 9 300 MHz to 9 500 MHz utilizing modulated or unmodulated pulses.
• Transmitter Peak Envelope Power up to 100 kW.
• The transceiver-antenna connection is using a hollow metallic rectangular waveguide.
• The antenna is rotating, waveguide-based and passive.
• At the transceiver output an RF-circulator is used.
NOTE 1: Since transceiver and antenna are hollow metallic rectangular waveguide based the frequency range for measurements that needs to be addressed covers 6,56 GHz to 26 GHz. The lower limit of this frequency range is obtained as cut-off frequency of the combination of WR112/R84 taper section and a WR90/R100 Waveguide IEC 60153-2. The upper limit corresponds to the upper limit stated in table 1 of ERC Recommendation 74-01.
NOTE 2: Since at the transceiver output an RF circulator is used, it is assumed that the transceiver characteristics remain independent from the antenna.
NOTE 3: Aeronautical Surface Movement Radars covered by the present document are expected to use the bands
9 000 MHz to 9 200 MHz and/or 9 300 MHz to 9 500 MHz. According article 5 of the ITU Radio Regulations the band 9 000 MHz to 9 200 MHz is allocated to the Aeronautical Radionavigation Service on a primary basis and the band 9 300 MHz to 9 500 MHz is allocated to the Radionavigation Service on a primary basis.
NOTE 4: The relationship between the present document and essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU is given in annex A.