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General principles

Standardisation may have one or more specific aims, to make a product, process or service fit for its purpose (the ability to perform an assigned task under certain conditions). Such aims could be, for example,

  • compatibility – suitability of products, processes or services to be used together to fulfil the established requirements. Possibility to integrate a product into the system;
  • interchangeability – ability of one product, process or service to be used in place of another to fulfil the same requirements;
  • variety control – selection of the optimum number of sizes or types of products, processes or services to meet prevailing needs;
  • safety – achieving the optimal balance of factors that will eliminate avoidable risks to an acceptable degree;
  • protection of the environment – preservation of the environment from unacceptable damage from the effects and operations of products, processes and services;
  • product protection – protection of a product against climatic or other adverse conditions during its use, transport or storage.

The aims of standardisation may partially overlap.

Six standardisation principles:
  • involment of as many interested parties as possible,
  • openness for participation of the standardisation process,
  • transparency in each standard drafting stage,
  • consensus between the interested parties in regards to the standard contents,
  • timeliness and relevance of the content,
  • availability of the standard.


Levels of standardisation             Types of standards