This European Standard applies to forming machines, used for forming food products with a mould into portions, as defined in 1.2.
This document applies to both machines standing on the floor and table top machines, and also to machines integrated in a processing line (i.e. interfaces, when the machine is combined with other machines).
This document covers the following auxiliary devices and interchangeable equipment:
a) auxiliary devices:
1) paper interleavers;
2) croquette attachment;
3) meat ball rollers;
4) stick inserters;
5) specific material/product conveyors;
6) specific lifting and tilting devices.
b) interchangeable equipment:
1) croquette attachment;
2) meat ball rollers;
3) stick inserters;
4) specific material/product conveyors;
5) specific lifting and tilting devices.
This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to forming machines, when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonable foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4).
This document deals with the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events arising during the whole lifetime of the machine, including the phases of transport, assembly and installation, commissioning, maintenance, dismantling, disabling and scrapping and use as defined in EN ISO 12100:2010, 5.4.
This document is not applicable to forming machines which are manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.
1.2 Machine description
This European Standard specifies requirements for the design, manufacture and operating of forming machines, e.g. for rissoles, hamburgers, in the following only referred to as machines.
It specifies safety and hygiene requirements for design and manufacture of forming machines, which are used for forming food products into portions with a mould. The mould may have a sliding or rotary movement and is filled with product in one position and emptied in another.
These machines have a feed provision, which is in the most cases a feed intake hopper (see Figures 1 and 2). Moulds may be filled by the action of rotating worm, rotating paddles or reciprocating hydraulic arms. Machines produce single or multiple lines of products.
Forming machines are intended for use on ground or minced meat, meat products, fish, vegetables or similar products. Use includes manufacture of product, setting, treating or process changeover, cleaning, fault finding and maintenance.
1.3 Combinations of forming machines and auxiliary devices and/or interchangeable equipment
A combination of a forming machine with auxiliary devices and/or interchangeable equipment becomes a new machine, when the following requirements are fulfilled / met:
- the (combined) device/equipment works together as an entity, meaning from production related view they form an entity (i.e. the coaction will be focused on a shared aim) and
- they are controlled as an entity, via a shared or linked control system and
- they work - regarding safety - together as an entity and also form a unit in this aspect.
According to this definition a new machine is not existent when in a total complex single autonomous functional machines are connected in relation to function and control, but do not form a unit in relation to safety. This is given e.g. when:
- on the single interfaces / interconnection points none ore only minor hazards between the separate machines occur, due to their combination;
- the emergency stop of one machine is connected / looped through to the next machine since the operator’s position is only at the next machine.
In such mechanical equipment each single machine can still be regarded autonomous in relation to safety.
1.3.2 Example for combinations