EVS-EN 1484:1999

Water analysis - Guidelines for the determination of total organic carbon (TOC) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC)

General information
Valid from 01.01.2000
Base Documents
EN 1484:1997
Directives or regulations

Standard history

This European Standard gives guidance for the determination of organic carbon in drinking water, ground water, surface water, sea water and waste water. It deals with definitions, interferences, reagents, and the sample pretreatment of water samples with a content of organic carbon ranging from 0,3 mg/l to 1000 mg/l while the lower value is only applicable in special cases, for example drinking water, measured with instruments capable of measuring these low levels.Higher concentrations may be determined after appropriate dilution. This European Standard does not deal with the instrument-dependent aspects.
In addition to organic carbon the water sample may contain carbon dioxide or ions of carbonic acid. Prior to the TOC determination, it is essential that this inorganic carbon is removed by purging the acidified sample with a gas free from CO2 and organic compounds. Alternatively, both total carbon (TC) and total inorganic carbon (TIC) may be determined and the organic carbon content (TOC) may be calculated by subtracting the total inorganic carbon from the TC. This method is particularly suitable for samples in which the total inorganic carbon is less than the TOC.
Purgeable organic substances, such as benzene, toluene, cyclohexane, and chloroform may partly escape upon stripping. In presence of these substances the TOC concentration is determined separately, or the differential method (TC – TIC = TOC) may be applied. By using the differential method, the value of the TOC should be higher than the TIC, or at least of similar size.
Cyanide, cyanate, and particles of elemental carbon (soot) when present in the sample, will be determined together with the organic carbon.
NOTE: In presence of humic material low values may occur when UV-radiation is used.
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