This document specifies a calculation method of recyclability and recoverability rates for rolling stock.
The method defined in this document applies to the design of new rolling stock. However, it can be applied to other existing rolling stock depending on available information. If calculation of recyclability or recoverability is applied to separate parts and/or products used in rolling stock and a specific calculation standard or method exists for the part and/or product, such standard or method can be applied, if relevant.
This calculation method is applicable regardless of any geographical concern.
This calculation method is applicable to any stage of life cycle of rolling stock. The calculated recyclability and recoverability rates are valid at the point of delivering the rolling stock products or equipment. Future recycling technologies or predicted trends with respect to the recycling industry are excluded from any consideration for this calculation method.
This calculation method considers the four main treatment processes, which are reuse, recycling, energy recovery and disposal (Figure 1). Process losses of recycling are treated in the disposal stage. The residue substances of the energy recovery stage (mostly ash and slag) and the residue of the incineration process of the disposal stage are most likely landfilled.