This European Standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the design and construction of winding machines used for rubber, plastic and composite materials, as defined in 3.1, when the machines are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4). Hazards due to electro-magnetic radiation, e.g. from the use of thickness monitoring devices, are not covered by this standard. Toxic or chemical hazards and hazards due to dusts, fumes or gases, which could occur from the materials being wound, unwound, slit or rewound are not covered by this standard. NOTE Directive 94/9/EC concerning equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres can be applicable to the type of machine or equipment covered by this European Standard. The present standard is not intended to provide means of complying with the essential health and safety requirements of Directive 94/9/EC. This standard is not applicable to winding machines which are manufactured before the date of its publication.